Arabic affixes in Indonesian


Affix function number of borrowed affixes


Information and examples are from Jones (1984), Verhaar (1984), Tadmor (2009) and personal communications from Uri Tadmor. Jones (1984: 12–17) discusses loanwords and some “Arabic phrases and bound morphemes; Arabic grammar”, but it is unclear whether these are used with native Indonesian stems. According to Uri Tadmor (personal communication), only one affix from Arabic is attested with non‑Arabic stems.


1 suffix

‑awi ‘adjectivizer’ (Tadmor 2009: 705), e.g. gerejawi ‘related to church’


Another Arabic adjectivizer, ‑iah is used only with Arabic roots and roots perceived as Arabic according to Uri Tadmor (personal communication).