North Swahili affixes in South Swahili


Affix function number of borrowed affixes


Information and examples are from Güldemann (1992: 52, 53; 2003: 187)­. No examples of hybrid formations are given here, but since these forms have become members of inflection in South Swahili, it is safe to assume that they regularly combine with native South Swahili stems. The forms do not share the same slot in the verbal template. Both prefixes have developed from multimorphemic forms of North Swahili.


2 tense-aspect markers

me- ‘perfect’

hu- ‘habitual’