Quapaw affixes in Alabama and Choctaw‑Chickasaw


Affix function number of borrowed affixes


Information from Rankin (1988: 644 citing Geoffrey Kimball, personal communication). No examples of hybrids are given. The identification of the affix as borrowed is based on similarities in form, the presence of cognate forms in other Siouan languages, and the absence of similar forms in other Muskogean languages.


1 numeral formation prefix

hi‑ ‘ordinal number formation’, no examples of hybrids given